National Register Districts
Ardmore Historic District
Ardmore was constructed as the city’s first automobile suburb beginning around 1910; a testament to this is the large number of garages in the district. The Ardmore Historic District consists of several separately platted developments that coalesced to become a single, large neighborhood. The dwellings represent an excellent collection of architectural styles including Craftsman, Colonial Revival, Period Cottage, Tudor Revival, and Minimal Traditional houses.
The town of Bethania, settled in 1759, consisted of 24 Residential Lots and an extensive system of "outlots" surrounding the residential core. This pattern of organization is a rare example of a German, "open field" agricultural village. As such, Bethania is a significant example of Moravian community planning. No other colonial town in North Carolina demonstrated this form of development, which was a product of Moravian heritage combined with the requirements of a hostile frontier.
Bethabara Historic District
Bethabara, the first Moravian community in Forsyth County, was established in 1753. Serving as a center for religion, governance, trade, industry, culture, education and the arts, Bethabara and its Moravian inhabitants constructed over 75 buildings during the first 20 years of the settlement's existence. Today, Bethabara exists primarily as an archaeological district, though several major buildings survive from the early Moravian period.
Downtown North Historic District
Twentieth century Winston-Salem is largely a product of the tobacco industry begun in the 1870s, and the Downtown North district reflects the common worker’s connection to this trade. Historically the area supported the everyday lives of farmers and laborers, and provided what they needed--feed and seed stores, hardware stores, groceries, small clothing shops, welding and machinery shops, and automobile service garages. Additionally, the area’s buildings reflect the architectural characteristics of the standard commercial design seen during the time.
Holly Avenue Historic District
Situated on steep hills on the west side of downtown Winston-Salem, the Holly Avenue neighborhood is sited on land once protected by the Moravian Church as a water source for the town of Salem. The neighborhood began to develop primarily in the early 20th century and today, it is the only downtown residential district that remains intact. Holly Avenue’s buildings comprise a collection of architectural styles and types that was not found in other downtown neighborhoods of the period.
Kernersville North Cherry Street
The North Cherry Street Historic District features representative examples of early 20th century residential architectural styles dating from about 1900-1930. Late Victorian, Colonial Revival, and Craftsman style houses are seen throughout the District. The area was home to a number of prominent Kernersville citizens who were involved in banking and furniture manufacturing. North Cherry Street conveys the atmosphere of a turn-of-the-century neighborhood, with a collection of diverse, intact architectural styles.
Kernersville South Main Street
The South Main Street Historic District features an outstanding mixture of residences, commercial buildings, industrial structures, and churches that represent the quintessential Victorian small town main street. One of the few Victorian main streets that survive in North Carolina, the district dates from the time of the area’s settlement in the early 19th century, through its development during the town’ s industrial boom of the late 19th century, and the diversification of Kernerville’s economy as an early 20th century commercial center.
North Cherry Street
Historic District – Winston-Salem
North Cherry Street is a rare example of a mixed-income African American Neighborhood in Winston-Salem. The neighborhood holds a diverse collection of single family residences, duplexes, apartment buildings, and workers’ houses. It also holds the largest collection of Y-star apartment building remaining in Winston-Salem. Y-stair is a rare and unique building type that was used heavily throughout the city in the 1930s. The architecture in the area is representative of the rental and owner-occupied housing in African American neighborhoods in the first half of the twentieth century.
Old Salem Historic District
The Moravians established Salem in 1766 as the central town for the Wachovia Tract. In Salem the Moravian church governed every aspect of community life, both spiritual and economic, and continued to do so until the mid-1800s. The first buildings in Salem were half-timbered communal houses. In time, other buildings were constructed around a central Square. In 1913, Salem merged with neighboring Winston to become Winston-Salem. In 1948, Old Salem became the first historic district established in North Carolina.
Reynolda Historic District
The Reynolda Historic District contains Reynolda House and Gardens, Reynolda Presbyterian Church, and Reynolda Village. Reynolda was the estate of R. J. Reynolds designed by Charles Barton Keen, and is an example reflecting the American Country House movement. Reynolda Village, the farm complex, was built with the intention of making Reynolda a self-sufficient community.
Washington Park Historic District
Washington Park was a speculative development centered around a streetcar line, designed by Jacob Lott Ludlow in 1891. The neighborhood is full of large trees, spacious yards, and stone walls and steps. The houses built were representative and well-detailed homes of that time including architectural styles such as Victorian, Queen Anne, Classical Revival, Shingle, Craftsman, Colonial Revival, and Tudor Revival.
Waughtown-Belview Historic District
Waughtown-Belview began in the early years of the nineteenth century as a rural and then suburban development in Winston-Salem. Although never a company town, the area held a number of notable industries such as Nissen Wagon Works. Included in the area is the Waughtown Cemetery, which maintains a high level of integrity and is one of the oldest features in the area. Belview was a portion of the area that became a place for both whites and blacks to live. However, the southern part of the Belview community became a center for African American life including a school, African American owned businesses and the only African American orphanage in North Carolina.
West End Historic District
West End is one of North Carolina’s finest examples of a turn-of-the-century streetcar suburb, designed by Jacob Lott Ludlow in 1890. The neighborhood is defined by picturesque landscape features, including terraced lawns, stone retaining walls and steps, and a system of curvilinear streets in combination with the most popular architectural styles of its day, including the Victorian, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, Neoclassical Revival, and Craftsman styles.
West Salem Historic District
West Salem was part of the suburban development and westward progression of the Town of Salem. The history of the area is tied closely to the eighteenth and nineteenth century history of Salem and the early development of the City of Winston. The neighborhood was home to the burgeoning industrial class of all ranks and pay scales. The area has a significant collection of illustrative and representative examples of architectural styles including mid nineteenth-century vernacular buildings with the influences of Greek Revival and the Picturesque movements, I-houses, side-gable, single-pile cottages, gable ell cottages, Queen Anne cottages, pyramidal cottages, Craftsman-style bungalows, Cape Cods, and Minimal Traditional houses.