Local Action Plan to Reduce Emissions of Greenhouse Gases

Sustainability steps of the Property Maintenance Department

Existing Reduction Measures in Winston-Salem Government Operations

  • Collaboration and Partnerships: Property Maintenance Department oversees the City’s Sustainability Program and has developed relationships with local universities, local utilities, and other entities to collaborate and share information on sustainable practices and issues.
  • Asset Management: Perform building condition assessments and evaluations of life-cycle costs of various building systems, including energy costs and maintenance costs. Strategically coordinates upgrades with operating and capital budgets
  • USGBC LEED certification: City staff is presently reviewing candidate city buildings for LEED certification.
  • Energy Management Coordinator: In 2003, an Energy Management Coordinator position was created and a qualified person hired. To date, this person has been responsible for over $300,000 in energy savings. The Energy Management Coordinator is also responsible for conducting energy audits of city facilities, selecting and specifying new HVAC and electrical systems, reviewing rates and reviewing contracts for electrical service, and educational programs. The Energy Coordinator assisted greatly in the writing of this report.
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in City Buildings: Has implemented IPM, a pest control strategy that uses an array of complementary methods: mechanical devices, physical devices, genetic, biological, legal, cultural management, and chemical management. These methods are done in three stages: prevention, observation, and finally intervention. It is an ecological approach that has its main goal is to significantly reduce or eliminate the use of pesticides.
  • Lighting Retrofits/Upgrades: Many city buildings that formerly used old T-12 systems have been retrofitted with energy-efficient T-8 fixtures, CFLs, and other types of lighting. Many of these systems are being used with occupancy sensors that turn the systems off when the room is unoccupied.
  • HVAC system upgrades: HVAC system replacements are done with high efficiency units. Programmable thermostats and other energy-saving systems are installed where feasible.
  • Recycling of fluorescent lamps: fluorescent lamps are collected and sent to a recycling facility where the complete lamp is recycled, not sent to a landfill. Recycling allows for complete re-use of the materials in the lamp and absolves the city from any responsibility associated with landfill disposal.
  • Property Maintenance Department requires city HVAC technicians to be certified in the handling of refrigerants, some of which have very high GWPs. The department maintains an inventory of refrigerants removed and installed in the HVAC systems of city buildings in keeping with EPA regulations.

Future Reduction Measures for Winston-Salem Government Operations

  • LEED certification: New and existing buildings will be considered for LEED certification.
  • City staff members will be pursuing LEED Accredited Professional certification to assist with the LEED assessments of existing buildings and new construction.
  • Strategic Energy Plan Development and Implementation: Development of a city-wide energy plan is necessary to set policy, standards and measures the city will implement to become more energy-efficient, reduce energy consumption, and introduce sustainable building techniques, both in existing facilities and new construction. Department is presently developing a draft SEP for internal review and comment.
  • Include a comprehensive energy audit when conducting facility condition assessments for city facilities. Audit will identify building systems that need to be upgraded or replaced for energy or water conservation, a cost estimate, and a payback period for the recommended systems to allow prioritization of improvements.
  • Solar-assisted heating and hot water systems: Candidate buildings for installation of solar-assisted hot water systems will be determined and, if found feasible, funds will be requested for installation.
  • “Green” cleaning methods and products will be evaluated for city custodial services.
  • Water conservation measures: low-flow fixtures will be installed as applicable.
  • “Cool” roofs: Utilize EnergyStar compliant and high emissivity roofing materials to reduce heat islands where applicable.
  • Evaluate performing infrared surveys to determine insulation deficiencies in city facilities and add insulation as needed to increase building envelope efficiency
  • Identify potential projects for potential Energy Efficiency Block Grants (EEBG) should the grants be funded by the federal government.

Read the Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Local Action Plan to Reduce Emissions Report July 2008 [pdf/1mb/43p] 

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