Glossary of Terms

Go Green Winston-Salem(These links will open in a new window)

Alternative Fuels
Non-petroleum fuels, such as biodiesel, electricity, ethanol, hydrogen, methanol, natural gas, and propane.
US Dept. of Energy Alternative Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data Center 

Carpool, Vanpool
Sharing rides to reduce the number of vehicles on the road, especially during typical rush hours.

CFL: Compact fluorescent lamp
A spiral-shaped fluorescent lamp that is energy efficient. Look for the Energy Star rating. Dispose of properly.

CNG: Compressed Natural Gas
an alternative fuel

Conservation
The practice of being careful of resources consumed.

Cool Cities
A program to encourage cities to implement smart energy solutions to save money and build a cleaner, safer future.
The Sierra Club Cool Cities program

Cool Roofs
A cool roof consists of materials that effectively reflect the sun's energy from the roof surface. Cool roofs must also have high emissivity, which allows them to emit infrared energy.

Energy Efficiency
The practice of using energy resources in an efficient way so as to require less to be used.

Energy Star
A rating system to help consumers compare items that they might purchase.
The Energy Star web site

Green
The current word to describe taking measures to use resources wisely, including sustainability considerations, alternative fuels and materials, and natural food and drink.
National Geographic has a GREEN GUIDE web site

Green Roof
Covering a rooftop with a garden to keep the surface temperature low.

Greenhouse Gases
Some greenhouse gases are naturally-occuring and serve to maintain the surface temperature of the earth. When too much greenhouse gas is released into the atmosphere (man-made), then the natural balance is disrupted.
Read about greenhouse gases  |  Statistics from the Energy Information Adminstration

Hybrid Vehicle
A car or other vehicle that uses electricity along with other fuel.
How Hybrids Work

Organic
Grown using natural forms of pest control and fertilizer.

Recycle
The practice of allowing goods to be re-used, to extend their life and to keep them out of the landfill. The practice of buying goods made from recycled items.
Winston-Salem Recycle Today web site

Renewable Energy
Energy resources that are replenished and do not wear out or run out, such as using the wind and the sun to provide usable energy. 
National Renewable Energy Laboratory

SEER
Air conditioner efficiency standard; higher is better.

Stormwater
When rain falls on the earth, the water that is not absorbed into the ground travels along roads, parking lots, and driveways, and collects surface pollutants as it flows into rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water.
Winston-Salem Stormwater

Sustainability
The practice of meeting the needs of present development without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

U.S. Green Building Council
An organization of community leaders who are concerned with building practices that focus on environmentally-friendly materials, protecting ecosystems and biodiversity, improving air and water quality, and converving natural resources.
The U.S. Green Building Council

Vanpool (see Carpool)

Weatherization
The practice of making homes and building more energy efficient. Weatherization reduces heating and cooling bills.
U.S. Dept. of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program

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