The Bethabara Log House is significant because it represents the development of Bethabara during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
During the archaeology excavations of the 1960s remnants of Old Town, the 19th Century rural town which had grown up on and around colonial Bethabara, were removed to accommodate a future development of a historic site.
The so-called Pou house, named for the R.W. Pou family, the last inhabitants before the land was sold to the Southern Province of the Moravian Church in 1964, had appeared to be a small clapboard Victorian house, complete with porch and gingerbread wood working. Slated for destruction, the archaeologist removed the siding and found a log house underneath. With that discovery, research into the history of this structure commenced.
The c. 1816 Log House stands almost directly on top of an older (ca. 1759) "family house in the cow-yard" building location. Physical evidence suggests that original construction took place between 1800 and 1830. This may be the house referred to in the Bethabara Memorabilia for 1816: "During this year a new, two-story, family house has been built in the village, which has not happened in many years." Originally probably a one and a half or two story log house, research indicated that it underwent at 5 periods of building and alteration, with weatherboarding introduced in the mid-nineteenth century.
The rear wing of the Log house was removed by archeologist Stanley South in 1965 in order to allow for archaeological excavation of the 1759 foundations. That dig revealed some of the ruins of the "family house." In the 1970's and 80's the Log House underwent restoration under the aegis of the Bethabara Historical Society. The front porch and weatherboard siding were removed and in 1976 the Bethabara Historical Society began chinking the building. The 1950's metal roof was replaced in the 1970's with a cedar shingle roof.
The Log House was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1978 as part of the Bethabara Historic District.