What is the difference between a Local Historic District and a National Register Historic District?

Local historic districts are completely different from National Register historic districts. The main difference is that a local historic district is a type of zoning district that has regulations regarding exterior changes to properties. In a National Register district, a private property owner using private funds can make changes to property without any review process. However, it should be noted that some areas are both a local historic district and a National Register district. In that instance, the regulations set out in the zoning ordinance for local historic districts must be followed.

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1. What is the difference between a Local Historic District and a National Register Historic District?
2. What exactly is a local historic district?
3. What are the major provisions of a local historic district ordinance?
4. What are design review guidelines?
5. How do I know if I need a Certificate of Appropriateness (COA)?
6. How is a local historic district designated?
7. What does it mean to own property in a local historic district?
8. What is required in a Certificate of Appropriateness (COA) application to the Commission?
9. Is there a way to deal with minor projects?
10. What about routine maintenance?
11. How long does it take to have projects reviewed and approved?
12. What happens if I begin work without a Certificate of Appropriateness (COA)?
13. Does the Historic Resources Commission require you to restore your property?